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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-13

Hearing profile in children with allergic rhinitis

Otorhinolaryngolgy Unit, Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Sanyaolu Ameye
Otorhinolaryngology Unit, Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aaaj.aaaj_3_17

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Objective We carried out this study to determine the profile of hearing of children with allergic rhinitis compared with normal controls. Patients and methods Children with allergic rhinitis between the ages of 4 and 16 years attending the Otorhinolaryngology Clinics as well as age-matched and sex-matched controls were recruited into this study. We obtained the participants’ bio data, symptoms and duration using a structured interviewer questionnaire. We then carried out a pure tone audiometry on the participants. The degree of hearing loss was determined on the basis of the WHO standard classification. Results We recruited 99 children with clinical evidence of allergic rhinitis and an equal number of healthy controls completed the study. The mean age was 9.19±3.98 years in the test participants and 9.35±4.05 years in the controls, respectively. Mild hearing loss on the right side was more than twice as common among patients, 24 (24.2%), compared with the controls, 11(11.1%). Left-sided mild hearing loss was more than four times more prevalent among patients with allergic rhinitis, 26 (26.3%), compared with the controls, six (6.1%). Hearing threshold worse than 25 dB hearing level in the better-hearing ear was found to be significantly more prevalent among patients compared with the controls. Conclusion We could conclude that hearing is significantly worse in allergic children compared with controls, with disabling hearing loss being more significantly associated with allergic rhinitis.

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